Cross Subpoenas in Federal Court

Opposing counsel has just served a Rule 45 deposition subpoena on a third party witness.  Should you also serve a subpoena?  What if you want to depose her for several hours, but you are not sure if opposing counsel will finish with enough time for your examination under the seven hour limit?  What if you want to ask the witness about matters that have nothing to do with noticing counsel’s examination?

Luckily there is no need to serve a cross-subpoena. Rule 30 governs depositions for parties and non-parties.  Rule 30 allows cross examination at depositions as if it were at trial; and courts interpreting this provision (in light of the broad scope of discovery) hold that a party may ask questions outside the scope of direct examination even if they did not notice the deposition.

However, the 1 deposition/7-hour time limit is fixed, unless there is a party stipulation or court order.  If opposing counsel will not stipulate, you will have to move the Court for leave.

While not required, you may want to serve subpoenas (and pay witness fees) to (i) have control in case defendants withdraw their subpoena; (ii) to specify additional documents for production; and (iii) to avoid disputes.

There Is No Requirement to “Cross-Subpoena” a Non-Party Witness.

Rule 30 provides that “the examination and cross-examination of a deponent proceed as they would at trial under the Federal Rules of Evidence . . . .” Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(c)(1). “This means that counsel for both parties of a civil action are permitted to question witnesses during depositions, regardless of which party noticed the deposition.” Longino v. City of Cincinna, 2013 WL 831738, at *5 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 6, 2013). This interpretation has been adopted by a number of district courts in and outside of California and I have not found any contrary authority. As one district court recently held:

Moreover, “[t]here is no formal requirement for a party seeking to cross-examine a deponent to serve a notice.” F.C.C. v. Mizuho Medy Co. Ltd., 257 F.R.D. 679, 682 (S.D. Cal.2009). Therefore, “[i]n a multi-party lawsuit, one party may notice the deposition and other parties may attend and cross-examine the deponent without also having to notice the deposition.” Id.; accord Longino v. City of Cincinnati, 2013 WL 831738, at *5 (S.D. Ohio Mar. 6, 2013).

Loop AI Labs Inc. v. Gatti, 2015 WL 5522166, at *4 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 18, 2015) (P served subpoena on W; court ordered that D is entitled to 2 hours, even though it did not serve a subpoena).

Take a look at these cases as well:

  • F.C.C. v. Mizuho Medy Co. Ltd., 257 F.R.D. 679, 682 (S.D. Cal. 2009);
  • Spray Products, Inc. v. Strouse, Inc., 31 F.R.D. 211, 212 (E.D. Penn. 1962) (stating that another party may examine a deponent on issues not addressed in the direct examination without serving a prior notice of deposition);
  • Smith v. Logansport Comm. School Corp., 139 F.R.D. 637, 642 (N. D. Ind.1991) (plaintiff’s counsel and co-defendant’s counsel could cross-examine the witness deposed by defendant; stating it would make “no sense” to require a cross-examining party to notice a deposition for matters outside the scope of the direct examination “in light of the liberal objectives of discovery”).

The Court Has Authority to Extend Deposition Beyond Seven Hours.

Rule 30 governs the procedures for taking depositions by oral examination even when compelled by a subpoena. Loop AI Labs Inc v. Gatti, , 2015 WL 5522166, at *4 “Unless otherwise stipulated or ordered by the court, a deposition is limited to 1 day of 7 hours.” Fed. R.Civ.P. 30(d)(1). Rule 30 also provides that when requested to extend these limitations, “the court must grant leave to the extent consistent with Rule 26(b)(1) and (2).” Id., Rule 30(a)(2) (emphasis). In a recent case similar to ours in that both parties wanted to depose a non-party witness for one day each, the court determined that it had authority to extend the deposition:

While neither party to the litigation moved for an extension of the deposition, the Court finds that granting an extension falls within its broad discretion to manage discovery. See Herbert v. Lando, 441 U.S. 153, 177 (1979) (“The [Supreme] Court has more than once declared that the deposition-discovery rules are to be accorded a broad and liberal treatment to effect their purpose of adequately informing the litigants in civil trials.”); Goehring v. Brophy, 94 F.3d 1294, 1305 (9th Cir.1996) ( “Broad discretion is vested in the trial court to permit or deny discovery.”).

Syncora Guarantee Inc. v. EMC Mortg. Corp., 2012 WL 12505608, at *2 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 8, 2012) (P and D served subpoenas and refused to agree to limit total deposition to seven hours; W moved to modify subpoena; court found W’s testimony was important and ordered her to appear for two days).

Tender Witness Fees at the Time of Service.

It is helpful to keep in mind that Rule 45 requires payment of fees at the time of service. In the case below, court issued sanctions against an attorney who moved to compel an invalid deposition subpoena because fees were tendered when he noticed the deposition, not at the time of service. This case is good to keep in mind when serving or responding to Rule 45 subpoenas.

A subpoena is invalid when witness fees or mileage allowances are not tendered at the time the subpoenas are served. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45(b)(1) states: “Serving a subpoena requires delivering a copy to the named person and, if the subpoena requires that person’s attendance, tendering the fees for 1 day’s attendance and the mileage allowed by law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 45(b)(1). A failure to tender fees at the time of service invalidates the subpoena and the deposition testimony will not be compelled. CF & I Steel Corp. v. Mitsui & Co., 713 F.2d 494, 495 (9th Cir.1983) (finding tender 34 days after service and one week after notice of deficiency did not cure defect); Mirana v. Battery TaiShing Corp., 2009 WL 290459, *1 (N.D.Cal. Feb.5, 2009.) In this case, Defendants did not tender the Tourgemans’ witness fees at the time the deposition subpoenas were served. Accordingly, the Court will not compel the deposition testimony of Cesar and Rebecca Tourgeman.

Tourgeman v. Collins Fin. Servs., Inc., 2009 WL 3073714, at *1 (S.D. Cal. May 4, 2009).


  1. Pingback: Cialis online
  2. Pingback: 2019
  3. Pingback:
  4. Pingback: #macron #Lassalle
  5. Pingback: a2019-2020
  6. Pingback: facebook
  7. Pingback: facebook1
  8. Pingback:
  9. Pingback:
  10. Pingback: Viagra daily
  11. Pingback: Viagra generika
  12. Pingback: Buy viagra
  13. Pingback: Buy cialis online
  14. Pingback: Generic cialis
  15. Pingback: levitra coupons
  16. Pingback: buy levitra 10mg
  17. Pingback: cheap viagra
  18. Pingback: viagra tablets
  19. Pingback: buy viagra
  20. Pingback: pharmeasy
  21. Pingback: online pharmacy
  22. Pingback: canadian pharmacy
  23. Pingback: pharmacies
  24. Pingback: tadalafil 20 mg
  25. Pingback: tadalafil 20 mg
  26. Pingback: cialis tadalafil
  27. Pingback: cialis tadalafil
  28. Pingback: cialis 20 mg
  29. Pingback: pharmacy
  30. Pingback: pharmacie
  31. Pingback: cheap viagra
  32. Pingback: sildenafil
  33. Pingback:
  34. Pingback: hs;br
  35. Pingback: tureckie_serialy
  36. Pingback:
  37. Pingback: +1+
  38. Pingback: watch
  39. Pingback: ++++++
  40. Pingback: HD-720
  41. Pingback: 2020
  42. Pingback: Video
  43. Pingback:
  44. Pingback: movies
  45. Pingback: movies online
  46. Pingback: karan johar
  47. Pingback: Top Movies
  48. Pingback: Movies1
  49. Pingback: 11 10 2019
  50. Pingback: Serial smotret
  51. Pingback: kinokrad
  52. Pingback: kinokrad 2020
  53. Pingback: Watch TV Shows
  54. Pingback: casino
  55. Pingback: filmy-kinokrad
  56. Pingback: kinokrad-2019
  57. Pingback: serial
  58. Pingback:
  59. Pingback:
  60. Pingback: dorama hdrezka
  61. Pingback: movies hdrezka
  62. Pingback: HDrezka
  63. Pingback: kinosmotretonline
  64. Pingback: LostFilm HD 720
  65. Pingback: bofilm
  66. Pingback: 1 seriya
  67. Pingback:
  68. Pingback:
  69. Pingback:
  70. Pingback: гдз н
  71. Pingback: гдз 2011
  72. Pingback:
  73. Pingback: гдз 10
  74. Pingback:
  75. Pingback: Evil-Season-1
  76. Pingback: Evil-Season-2
  77. Pingback: Evil-Season-3
  78. Pingback: Evil-Season-4
  79. Pingback: Dollface-Season-1
  80. Pingback: 3 гдз
  81. Pingback: 3 гдз
  82. Pingback:
  83. Pingback: serial 2020
  84. Pingback: Dailymotion
  85. Pingback: Watch+movies+2020
  86. Pingback:
  87. Pingback:
  88. Pingback:
  89. Pingback:
  90. Pingback: #1plus1
  91. Pingback: 1plus1
  92. Pingback: Film
  93. Pingback: Film 2020
  94. Pingback: Film 2021
  95. Pingback: Top 10 Best
  96. Pingback: human design
  97. Pingback: dizajn cheloveka
  98. Pingback: human-design-space
  99. Pingback: koma 2020
  100. Pingback: The-Gentlemen
  101. Pingback: led-2
  102. Pingback: pod-vodoi
  103. Pingback: vk 2020
  104. Pingback: DSmlka
  105. Pingback: viagra
  106. Pingback: viagra online
  107. Pingback: +
  108. Pingback: ¯jak Son³k
  109. Pingback: astrolog
  110. Pingback: generic cialis
  111. Pingback: cialis 20mg
  112. Pingback: watch online
  113. Pingback:
  114. Pingback: buy viagra
  115. Pingback: viagra
  116. Pingback: buy cialis
  117. Pingback: viagra pills
  118. Pingback: cialis
  119. Pingback: generic viagra
  120. Pingback: buy cialis cheap
  121. Pingback: levitra
  122. Pingback: cialis pills
  123. Pingback: strelcov 2020
  124. Pingback: film t-34
  125. Pingback: online pharmacy
  126. Pingback: canadian pharmacy
  127. Pingback: sildenafil citrate
  128. Pingback: generic cialis
  129. Pingback: viagra online
  130. Pingback: Beograd film 2020
  131. Pingback: cialis generic
  132. Pingback: psiholog
  133. Pingback: cialis online
  134. Pingback: psyhelp_on_line
  135. Pingback: coronavirus
  136. Pingback: cialis 20
  137. Pingback: PSYCHOSOCIAL
  138. Pingback: buy cialis pills
  139. Pingback: cialis 20
  140. Pingback: chloroquine
  141. Pingback: cheap cialis
  142. Pingback: generic levitra
  143. Pingback: Viagra overnight
  144. Pingback: film doktor_liza
  145. Pingback: djoker film
  146. Pingback: cbd oil
  147. Pingback: cbd
  148. Pingback: viagra generic
  149. Pingback: albuterol inhaler
  150. Pingback: buy viagra online
  151. Pingback: buy ciprofloxacin
  152. Pingback: viagra cialis
  153. Pingback: generic viagra
  154. Pingback: viagra online
  155. Pingback: cheap viagra
  156. Pingback: cialis online
  157. Pingback: online cialis
  158. Pingback: cialis pill
  159. Pingback: kaletra
  160. Pingback: buy careprost
  161. Pingback: tylenol generic
  162. Pingback: viagra generic
  163. Pingback: cialis coupons
  164. Pingback: viagra 50mg
  165. Pingback: viagra generic
  166. Pingback: best ed medication
  167. Pingback: ed pills for sale
  168. Pingback: tadalafil 20 mg
  169. Pingback: cheap viagra
  170. Pingback: viagra
  171. Pingback: mens ed pills
  172. Pingback: buy amoxicillin
  173. Pingback: cialis online
  174. Pingback:
  175. Pingback: cialis mastercard
  176. Pingback:
  177. Pingback: viagra 100mg
  178. Pingback: viagra price
  179. Pingback: viagra coupon
  180. Pingback: cheap viagra
  181. Pingback: cialis generic
  182. Pingback: cialis coupon
  183. Pingback: cialis 5mg
  184. Pingback: levitra coupon
  185. Pingback: cialis
  186. Pingback: Google
  187. Pingback: vardenafil pill
  188. Pingback: cialis 20mg
  189. Pingback: Sonia Randhawa
  190. Pingback: Local University
  191. Pingback: sildenafil online
  192. Pingback: Sonia Randhawa
  193. Pingback:
  194. Pingback: kratom near me
  195. Pingback: Amsterdam escorts
  196. Pingback: pala casino online
  197. Pingback: cbd for pain
  198. Pingback: maeng da kratom
  199. Pingback: Sonia Randhawa
  200. Pingback: 5euros
  201. Pingback: Sonia Randhawa
  202. Pingback: Sonia Randhawa
  203. Pingback: tadalafil online
  204. Pingback: bitly
  205. Pingback: SEO Sydney
  206. Pingback: 5euros
  207. Pingback: Courses
  208. Pingback: cialis coupon
  209. Pingback: Google
  210. Pingback: viagra cost
  211. Pingback: lose weight fast
  212. Pingback: 5 mg cialis
  213. Pingback: pala casino online
  214. Pingback: casino bonus 200
  215. Pingback: Safety
  216. Pingback: cialis to buy
  217. Pingback: cialis generic
  218. Pingback: pharmacy
  219. Pingback: cialis internet
  220. Pingback: order propecia
  221. Pingback: cialis generic
  222. Pingback: buy CBD
  223. Pingback: Handlateknik
  224. Pingback: cbd oil benefits
  225. Pingback: generic for cialis
  226. Pingback: عزة وثقة
  227. Pingback: خيال
  228. Pingback: Amsterdam escorts
  229. Pingback: حزن
  230. Pingback: 5euros
  231. Pingback: Kratom near me
  232. Pingback:
  233. Pingback:
  234. Pingback: terpenes
  235. Pingback: RoyalCBD
  236. Pingback: RoyalCBD
  237. Pingback: RoyalCBD
  238. Pingback: RoyalCBD
  239. Pingback:
  240. Pingback:
  241. Pingback: casinos online
  242. Pingback: Royal CBD
  243. Pingback:
  244. Pingback: cbd oil wisconsin
  245. Pingback:
  246. Pingback: cbd washington dc
  247. Pingback: vermont cbd
  248. Pingback: oklahoma cbd
  249. Pingback: RoyalCBD

Comments are closed.